South Korea occupies the southern portion of the Korean Peninsula, which extends some 680 mi (1,100 km) from the Asian mainland. This mountainous peninsula is flanked by the Yellow Sea to the west, and Sea of Japan (East Sea) to the east. Its southern tip lies on the Korea Strait and the East China Sea.
Korea is located on a peninsula in the middle of Northeast Asia; the Yellow Sea is to the west and the East Sea is to the east. Although Korea has a tradition and culture that date back thousands of years, in the past few decades Korea has transformed from an agricultural economy to one of the world’s most industrialized countries. Major industries in Korea include automobiles, shipbuilding, chemicals and information technology. The Korean population is highly educated and has one of the highest internet usage rates in the world.
Korea experiences all four seasons, including a wet summer and a cold winter. In Seoul, the capital, the average low temperature during January is about -2 degrees C, and the average high temperature during August is about 25 degrees C. Humidity is relatively high year-round, typically ranging from about 70 to 80 percent.
Korea has a long tradition in the arts, in particular singing, dancing, fine arts and pottery. Many museums and art galleries exist within the country. In addition, Korea’s central location in Northeast Asia makes it easy for visitors to explore other Asian countries such as Japan and China. Korean cuisine focuses on rice and side dishes, and many traditional foods use fermented sauces. Side dishes include meats, fish, pickled dishes, soups and vegetables.
Cost of Living
The cost to live in Korea is moderate, about $1,200 (US) per month, with most of that going for housing and food. International students attending master’s degree programs are eligible to work up to 20 hours each week while studying in Korea. No additional work permit is required as long as the student has a valid visa.
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