The Middle East kingdom of Jordan is bordered on the west by Israel and the Dead Sea, on the north by Syria, on the east by Iraq, and on the south by Saudi Arabia. Arid hills and mountains make up most of the country. The southern section of the Jordan River flows through the country. Modern Jordan is classified as a country of "medium human development" by the 2011 Human Development Report, and an emerging market with the third freest economy in West Asia and North Africa (32nd freest worldwide). Jordan has an "upper middle income" economy.
On the eastern bank of the Jordan River is a nation with a history as rich as any other country in this world. The Kingdom of Jordan is an Arab nation in the Middle East. Sitting just north of Saudi Arabia and immediately south of Israel, Jordan reaches into the historic region of Palestine. The official name of this nation is the Hashemite Kingdom of Jordan, and has been known as such since 1949.
Studying in Jordan is an experience that you cannot have just anywhere. Jordan is rich in history, sitting on Earth that has been inhabited longer than many throughout the world. The Universities are considered new by many standards, standing now for about half a century.
For those who are seeking a closer look at fallen civilizations, religious monuments and vast open land, Jordan is an ideal place to study. With strong emphasis in the study of sciences and close proximity to historical and archeological sites, Jordan has a wide array of academic options to offer those who are interested in studying in the Middle East.
In 1986 the Committee of Educational Policy set forth standards that set the educational policy for all of Jordan. Based in Islamic principle, all higher education programs in Jordan are steeped in the recent as well as ancient experience of the regions political, religious and economic standing.
If you are interested in studying in Jordan, you may want to consider Universities in Amman. Amman is the capital of Jordan and is the largest city in the Hashemite Kingdom. This city is more than a thousand years old, dating back into the medieval ages. The city is built on a series of valleys and hills, offering a sprawling appearance that is still filled with historic homes, architecture and monuments, including:
- The Roman Amphitheater
- Herculean Temple
- Umayyad Mosque
Along with in depth historical resources, Amman has a thriving culture and is home to a series of art and film festivals.
Living in Jordan
Jordan has a temperate climate. The average summertime temperature is around 86 degrees Fahrenheit, or around 30 degrees Celsius. The area is considered semi-dry, with hot summers and cool winters.
In Jordan, the currency used is the Jordanian dinar. A single dinar can be divided into 10 dirham, 100 qirsh or 1000 fils. One Jordanian dinar is currently equal to about 1.8 Euro, or 1.41 U.S dollars. The Jordanian dinar has been the official currency of the Hashemite Kingdom since 1950, just four years after Jordan became an independent nation.
The official language of Jordan is Standard Arabic, while English and French are commonly taught in public schools, as well. German is also gaining popularity in Jordan. Approximately 92 percent of the Jordan population is Sunni Muslim. Jordan is considered one of the more technological savvy nations of the Middle East, and it has a very strong internet appearance. About 75 percent of Arabic content found online is generated from Jordan.
Study in Jordan
Many universities in Jordan offer classes in both Arabic and English, which makes it easier for students of all academic backgrounds to study in the region. The largest universities in Jordan are located in Amman, and there are many options for study at the several universities in this area. The programs they offer are as follows:
- Arabic Language
- Middle Eastern Studies
- English Language and Literature
- Graphic design
- Interior design
- Hospitality and Tourism
- Management Information Systems
- Environmental management
- Electric engineering
- Communications engineering
- Computer engineering
- Information technology
- Computer graphics and animation
- Computer science
- Software engineering
Each of these universities offer specializations in the academic areas listed above, including undergraduate and graduate programs.
Structure of Higher Education in Jordan
The Universities in Jordan operate for three semesters every year. The first semester is the fall semester, which begins early in September. The second semester is the spring semester, which begins during the final week of January. The third semester is the summer semester, which is a compressed semester that starts in the beginning of June and runs until the end of July.
The University programs are broken into three stages, with two alternate program descriptions:
- Stage one: This is a classic undergraduate degree program. Most Universities in Jordan follow the American / Western model of the University system, in which case this degree program takes four years to complete. Depending on the area of study bachelor degrees may require anything in between 126-252 college credit hours.
- Stage two: This is the first level of a postgraduate degree, similar to an American / Western Master level degree. This is rewarded after one year of post-graduate study, following completion of the stage one program. This level program typically requires 24 credit hours of course work followed by an additional 9 credit hours of research. The research is typically done in an internship setting that may last an additional year.
- Stage three: This level of study is the equivalent of a doctorate degree. This is achieved after three to five years of additional study following the completion of a stage two program. This level program typically requires 24 credit hours of coursework followed by an additional 24 hours of research, as well as the successful completion of a dissertation.
- Teacher education: To become a teacher in Jordan you must achieve a stage two degree, which is the equivalent of a Master degree program. This stands for teaching at any level in Jordan, from pre-primary to secondary. The stage two degree is a specialized teacher training program that generally lasts one year. To become trained to teach teachers a stage three degree is required.
Enrollment in higher education programs has grown substantially in recent years, and there are now many opportunities for higher education in Jordan for both those who are native to the region, as well as for those who are interested in moving to Jordan.