Most of Hungary is a fertile, rolling plain lying east of the Danube River and drained by the Danube and Tisza rivers. In the extreme northwest is the Little Hungarian Plain. Since 1989, Hungary has been a democratic parliamentary republic, and today it is considered a developed country with a high-income economy. Hungary is one of the thirty most popular tourist destinations in the world, attracting 10.2 million tourists a year (2011).
Hungary is located in Central Europe. The country's capital of Budapest is also its largest city. Many people interested in Central European cultural travel to Budapest to study and learn at any of the higher education facilities. Hungary is bordered by Slovakia, Ukraine, Romania, Slovenia, Austria, and Serbia. Most people speak Hungarian, though many also speak English in the capital city.
Though once a world power, the country has become less political and more of a tourism base in recent years. It is one of the 30 most visited areas in the world, with more than 10 million people visiting annually. It also has the second largest thermal lake in the world. This high-income economic country has plenty to offer those who wish to study overseas.
If you plan to visit Hungary for the first time, plan to bring cool clothing during the summer months. The area has low humidity, mainly because it is a landlocked country. However, during the summer months, showers are somewhat frequent. Temperatures can be very high. Winters can be snowy, though some are much drier and, therefore, more mild than cold. If you visit Pecs, which is a southern area of the country, you will enjoy more of a Mediterranean climate.
Overall, Hungary is a diverse country with plenty to offer visitors and students alike. The income of this economic is moderate to high. It is an open economy, and a part of the European Union. More than 80 percent of the gross domestic product here comes from the private sector. The currency here is the forint however, as a member of the European Union the country now trades in Euros.
Cost of Living
In terms of the cost of living here, you will find that this ranges. Costs are higher in Budapest, which is a large and modern city. There, you will find that, compared to Europe's more high-end countries that Hungary is lower on the list. What costs $1.95 in Switzerland will cost about $0.75 in Hungary.
Study in Hungary
Higher Education in Hungary
Hungary has always been an educated area of Europe. Once of the first universities in the region was that of Vesprem, which was built in 1276. The country is also home to the world's institute of technology, founded in 1735. Today the country remains an important area for development and higher education. It is most well known for its mathematics education programs. Many of these programs have produced leading scientists, with 13 of these people earning a Nobel Prize.
In Hungary, students begin education at the age of three and continue through to vocational school (which can begin as early as Grade 9), special vocational training schools, and general secondary school. From there, students can move on to college and university.
College is a type of grade education program, since most students obtain their vocational education in what would be secondary school in other countries. A vocational secondary school is also available after the initial years.
College graduate education offers training in specialized programs. It also includes graduate education and Master-level degree programs in a variety fields. University is reserved for those obtaining PhD level education, doing research work, working towards dissertation DLA, doctoral degrees and other higher-level specialized education. College education lasts four years, though some fields may be longer.
Main Programs of Study
Many people who come to Hungary to learn at the higher education level study in the following areas:
- Arts and Humanities
- Mathematics and Engineering
- Scientific programs, including research-related programs
- Business and Economic
- MBA programs
Some of the largest universities in Hungary include the following:
- Budapest University of Technology and Economics, located in Budapest
- CEU Business School, MBA, Executive MBA education, also located in Budapest
- University of Debrecen, agricultural sciences and medical and health sciences, located in Debrecen, Hungary
- International Business School Budapest, located in Budapest
Every course is vastly different in terms of length, cost, and what you will learn. In most cases, students take semester courses, but some schools offer shorter courses as well. Costs range from an average 16-week course through an educational study abroad program may cost about $14,000 USD. Again, this ranges widely from one school to the next.
Once a course is complete, it is possible that the student can obtain an internship at one of the various schools and work facilities in the country. Jobs range significantly in whether or not they are widely available. However, there is high competition here.
Obtaining a Student Visa in Hungary
If you wish to visit and study in Hungary, you will need to obtain a student or professional training visa. This is called a D5 visa. In order to obtain this type of visa, the individual must have promised enrollment in a university in Hungary. This must be for higher education or at a research institute. This process can take several weeks to complete.
For students, it is necessary to have your own health insurance or coverage while studying overseas. If the student enrolls in a program designed to provide this type of coverage as a complete abroad program, then the cost of health insurance and medical needs may be included. However, the country does not provide health insurance for those who are visiting on a student visa.
Why Study in Hungary?
Only you can decide where the ideal place to study is for your needs. However, Hungary offers a range of benefits. First, the country has a diverse educational field, with a strong focus on the sciences, including mathematics and engineering. Many people have come from this diverse educational field and done well in scientific areas.
Additionally, Hungary is a diverse and ever-changing country. It is well accepting of foreign students, including those who come from around the world. For those people who wish to learn about Central European culture and lifestyle, this may be the ideal place to travel to do just that. A strong culture, a modern lifestyle, a low cost of living, and a quality education make this area a key destination.
Student visa for Hungary
EU/EEA students do not need a visa to study in Hungary, but they do need to apply for a residence permit within 90 days of moving to the country.
International students who want to stay in Hungary for more than 90 consecutive days and who are not EU citizens are required to apply for a long-term student visa. This visa is called "long-term D type visa for study purposes", and it is a single entry visa that enables its holder to apply for a residence permit for study purposes after enrolling in a university in Hungary.
You can only apply for your student visa prior to your departure from the Hungarian Consulate or Embassy in your country of permanent residence. You can find an overview of Hungarian foreign missions here.
To receive a student visa for Hungary, you must first have an offer from a Hungarian university. You then need to apply for a student visa at a Hungarian consulate or embassy. Documents generally required for your student visa include an acceptance letter from the university regarding your admission, passport valid at least 6 months beyond your date of entry, proof of health insurance and housing in Hungary, and proof of sufficient funds to cover living expenses.
Due to recent changes in the Hungarian immigration law, accepted candidates who are citizens of non-EU/EEA countries must pay the enrollment fee (and, if applicable, tuition fee) right after having paid the general deposit, at least 2 weeks prior to their visa interview.
Processing a Hungarian student visa usually takes around one month but it can also take longer, so make sure you apply as early as possible to avoid any unnecessary complications. When the consulate requires an appointment, you may need to schedule it around 4 to 6 weeks in advance because appointment times are limited. After the appointment, the visa processing time usually takes an additional 1 to 4 weeks.