Higher Education in Bangladesh
The higher education in Bangladesh focuses on general studies, business studies, engineering, medicine, or technology. There are a few other disciplines but medicine and general studies meet the greatest need in the private sector once students complete their university requirements. The higher education system is divided into 3 different types of colleges:
1) Public-government owned and subsidized
2) Private-private section owned
3) International- operated and funded by international organizations
In the past most higher education was owned by the government only. In recent years, however, there has been an influx of privately owned institutions that focus on more liberal areas of study, including women's studies and politics. While their economy is always in a state of poverty, they work hard and struggled to maintain the status quo in order to offer a good education to their residents, as well as to international students. They believe a good education is important to individual growth and opportunities and they try to improve their country in any ways possible as resources become available.
Popular Universities in Bangladesh
The University of Dhaka was established in 1921. It is one of the most sought-after colleges to attend by both locals and international students. Their focus now is primarily on the medical sciences, agricultural science, and veterinary science.
To study in an independent university in Bangladesh costs around 17,500 TK (Bangladeshi currency) for admission fees alone. The semester tuition fees per credit are:
- TK $4500 for regular students
- TK $5000 for non-degree students
Eligibility for Student Visas
Students wishing to attend school in Bangladesh must obtain a sponsorship letter from someone from the original country of origin, plus proof of bank account statements showing the ability to pay, in addition to proof of property assets and liabilities. If something is amiss, you could be charged extra fees, so make sure it is correct and up-to-date. There must be plenty of proof of financial backing. This is very important to the Bangladeshi government because they do not want to be held responsible for the loss of money if you cannot pay your bill or incur other expenses as a result of your being there. Everything must also be notarized to avoid the risk of fraud.
Why Study in Bangladesh?
Someone wishing to have a rich, diverse experience in culture that is different and challenging would benefit from attending school in Bangladesh. The focus in the university settings is on medical careers due to the increasing need for highly skilled medical personnel in their own country. They hope to train up people in the medical fields who can then serve the country in this area. The need is so great that chances are you could find employment within the country easily after obtaining the degree program if you work hard. There are several medical colleges in the Bangladesh area now, which all operate under the jurisdiction of the Ministry of Health. Until the early 1990s, all of the medical colleges were established and kept by the government. Since that time, several private medical college have sprung up, to meet the growing need. Many medical colleges work together with the University of Dhaka and others in order to provide the best education possible to future doctors and other medical personnel in Bangladesh. There are a host of diseases people in Bangladesh are prone to, so study in the field of medicine is strongly encouraged. Anyone interested in studying the field of medicine, who wishes to have a unique and challenging experience, or work in the trenches in medical science, would benefit from studying there. Students who have an inner desire to help in one of the most impoverished areas in the world would derive a deep sense of satisfaction from studying in Bangladesh. Once the degree requirements are completed, you could then decide if you want to stay in Bangladesh and fill the need in the immediate area, or return to your home country and use your skills there. Either way, studying in Bangladesh is a diverse cultural experience which would humble someone wanting to give back to the world, and to seek to find cures or alleviation for many of the maladies that so often plague this struggling country. Either way, it is an experience one will remember throughout their life.
Bangladesh, on the northern coast of the Bay of Bengal, is surrounded by India, with a small common border with Myanmar in the southeast. The country is low-lying riverine land traversed by the many branches and tributaries of the Ganges and Brahmaputra rivers. However, the country has achieved significant progress in human development since independence, including progress in areas of gender equity, universal primary education, reducing population growth, self-sufficiency in food production, improving healthcare and spreading sustainable energy. Bangladesh is a third-world country with its own struggles and problems. But they are a unique country which many want to go to, in order to achieve a level of world knowledge that can not be found anywhere else. Bangladesh is located in South Asia and bordered by Indian in the north and the Bay of Bengal in the east and west. It is divided into seven administrative divisions which are further subdivided into districts or "zila." Neighboring countries are Burma and India. Bangladesh is considered the 8th most populous country in the world and the 4th largest Muslim country after Indonesia, Pakistan, and India. Their primary industries are cotton textiles, jute, garments, and tea processing. Their agriculture focues on rice, jute, tea, wheat, and beef. They export garments, leather, frozen fish, and seafood.
Essential Facts about Bangladesh
- Population: 144,233,000
- Capital: Dhaka
- Area: 147,570 sq. km
- Language: Bangla
- Religion: Muslim, Hindu
- GDP per capita: US $1800 dollars
Bangladesh has a climate that is hot and muggy during the summers from March to June with monsoons typical from June to November. It exists in a balmy, wet, tropical monsoon-type climate with marshy wetlands along the coastal front and soil that is vulnerable to extremes of flood and drought. The climate seems to go from dry, hot conditions to wet, flooded plains. It is inundated yearly by natural disasters in weather including floods, tornadoes, tidal bores, and even cyclones.
The official currency of Bangladesh is the Bangladeshi Taka, which is currently worth 0.013 of the U.S. dollar.
Religions in Bangladesh is predominantly Muslim with 89.5% of the population claiming to be Muslim, 9.6% Hindu, and the rest Christian or other.